Binswanger has a fundamental appreciation: he refuses to accept the so-called “Faculty Psychology”, and his thoughts and arguments are especially interesting for focusing at this point. We employ the analyses made by the author as an example of this and also as a focus of study of the maniac subjectivity. I would like to especially highlight the concept of “Ideenflucht”, the «flight of ideas», that later became pathognomonic of mania. It is also interesting to pay attention to the use that Binswanger made of Heidegger’s ideas, mainly taken from “Sein und Zeit”, because in this exceptional case, in which – as in many others – a psychiatrist supports his theoretical developments in a philosopher, Heidegger himself criticized the use that Binswanger made of his concepts. The place where we can circumscribe these issues is the “Zollikon Seminars”, given by Heidegger in Switzerland between 1959 and 1969 at the invitation of Dr. M. Boss.
Keywords: Binswanger; Phenomenology; Mania; Heidegger critics.
In this article, we shall show that the therapeutic meeting with the alcoholic is a totally unpredictable experience, in other words, it an event for which the therapist is not absolutely prepared. After a fast theoretical bend concerning the concept of event in the psychoanalytical, philosophic and psychopathological field, we will seek to «touch» the event in the speech of the therapist and that of the alcoholic. The analysis of these two forms of meeting offers a new glance on the mode of presence of the protagonists in the set: the world of the therapist is a Manichean world and the world of the alcoholic is a «total» world, «a filled». The therapeutic meeting with the alcoholic leads us into a complex movement that is not satisfied with the ordinary thought. When it takes place, it fully commits the therapist. Curious consequence: to take care of the alcoholic is in fact to care about one without denying at all the request of assistant.
Keywords: Alcoholic; Ethics; Event; Meeting.
Personal way on Educational Psychology, on phenomenological method. Masini (1984) extend the foundation of Boss of Dasseinsanalyse for de school education – to be close of the student and his possibility to understand, revealed that it emerged of his existencial conditions of life. To be close of student with visual impairment (VI) showed inconsiderateness of his perception studied through visual paterns. Masini (1994) tried to understand this problem researching the perception of person VI, inspired by Merleau-Ponty (1971) unveiling the richness of the use of others senses, that amplified the perception of people with all senses, in Projects in divers universities: FEUSP, 2014-2016; Unimarco, 1994; UPM, 2010-2016 and Group of Research of CNPq disseminating the formal education towards social relations on life of world.
Keywords: Existencial-phenomenoly; schoolar-education; life.
Starting from the notions of perception and ambiguity, we take Merleau-Ponty’s phenomenology to reflect on the interrelation between man and world in the phenomenological psychopathology of Arthur Tatossian. For these authors, we should not replace the study of the world or consciousness with what is being thought, i.e., we should not separate the observer from what is being observed, as we seek the living world that is constructed in such an interrelation. As in the ambiguous phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty, who sought to disrupt the split between the dimensions of objectivity and subjectivity, through the notion of Lebenswelt, Tatossian thought that contacting each other is essential for us to achieve the Lebenswelt, each one’s lived world, realizing that the theories built on the psychopathological manifestations do not come about from the experience but in the experience.
Keywords: Merleau-Ponty. Phenomenology. Psychopathology phenomenological. Arthur Tatossian.