Daniela Ceron-Litvoc and Guilherme Peres Messas
This article proposes a structural-phenomenological approach to the “experience of the world” for children from 0 to 24 months of age through the examination of spatiality and its transformation during this period. The aim of this work is to establish milestones so as to recognize normal development through the acknowledgment of spatiality´s aprioristic form and its expected transformation. The innate psychic structure is in an immature configuration when compared to its final form (adulthood). This fact promotes an experience of “being in the world” that is qualitatively different at each chronological stage of childhood and in adulthood. Recognizing this aprioristic configuration and the different possibilities of experiencing the world can provide helpful tools to discern normality and deviations, and to plan interventions accordingly.
Keywords: Childhood; Development; Phenomenology; Structure
Clarissa Garcia Jaborandy de Mattos Dourado, Virginia Moreira and Anna Karynne da Silva Melo
The phenomenological psychopathology has its beginning in the 1920s, showing a new way to understand the psychopathological disorders. This article aims to analyze the panorama of the phenomenological psychopathology in Brazilian journals. It was held as a systematic review of qualitative literature in databases such as SciELO, PePSIC, BVS and CAPES Journals Portal. 347 articles were found, of which 59 were analyzed. 45 out of those, were theoretical articles and 14 were studies on clinical practice. It was found that, in a range of twelve years, the number of publications in this field of knowledge in Brazilian journals is still small, especially regarding publications on clinical practice research, representing a gap in the area. The phenomenological psychopathology appears as a field with many alternatives, but also with many challenges and work to be done.
Keywords: Phenomenological Psychopathology; Systematic Literature Review; Research in Phenomenological Psychopathology
Giuliana Angeli Pieri and Gustavo Bonini Castellana
The diagnosis of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD) has been defended by some authors as a continuum of Bipolar Affective Disorder (BAD). Among these authors, Akiskal has posited that these conditions are overlaid manifestations of a common tendency to cyclothymia. Conversely, other equally contemporary authors such as Fuchs, Kimura, Stanghellini and Rosfort, phenomenology-oriented, differentiate the phenomena of the symptoms listed based on these patients’ “lived”. Thus, they are able to demonstrate that the “empty depression” presented in BPD is phenomenologically different from the “guilty depression”, characteristic of melancholics. In turn, dysphoric mood in BPD differs from BAD due to its primary strength, which fragments the intentional structure of embodiment. The analysis of temporality and identity further reveals that the temporal division of the self and the fragmentation of the narrative self are fundamental characteristics of BPD. Therefore, this exploration shows how phenomenological psychopathology contributes for a better clinical diagnosis, overcoming misconceptions derived from the current symptomatological criteria.
Keywords: Borderline; Diagnosis; Differential; Phenomenological; Psychopathology
Lívia Emy Fukuda and Melissa Garcia Tamelini
Karl Jaspers’ “General Psychopathology” (GP) is one of the most influential contributions to the field of psychopathology. The work is situated in a period of paradigm transition, in the space between the vision of mental pathologies as medical illnesses and as structural modifications of the conscience. At the time of its launch (1913), It presented ideas that were then considered outdated alongside innovative notes. This article intends to revisit the concept of psychological (or empathic) understanding (Verstehen) in Jaspers (GP), its fundamental laws, as well as its limitations, from the phenomenological point of view. To accomplish that, the article is based on a concise presentation of the legacy of GP and some significant epistemological differences between Jasperian and Phenomenological Psychopathologies. Finally, given the distinction between the two psychopathological currents, the construct of understanding presented by Karl Jaspers is discussed from a phenomenological perspective.
Keywords: Understanding, Verstehen, “General Psychopathology”, Karl Jaspers, Phenomenological Psychopathology
Proceedings of 18th International Conference on Philosophy, Psychiatry and Psychology | INPP 2016
São Paulo, 03 a 05 de novembro de 2016.